Skin care is a must for people with Diabetes as 33% of diabetics may also suffer from skin conditions caused due to diabetes. High level of blood sugar causes the body to lose fluids, making the skin dry, flaky and prone to infections.
Type 2 diabetes, due to blood vessel and nerve damage, can reduce blood flow to the skin thereby changing the strength of skins collagen. This changes the skin’s texture, appearance and its ability to heal.
Unfortunately, some the medicines to control high blood glucose can also interfere with the quality of ones skin texture.
Most skin conditions can be prevented or easily treated if caught early. A good skin care regimen is a must for people suffering from high blood sugar.
Few tips for good skin care to keep the skin healthy; preventing skin conditions in diabetes:
1. Use mild shampoos.
2. Control blood sugar levels.
3. Keep the skin dry and clean.
4. Use lip balm to prevent chapped lips.
5. Avoid caffeine rich and sugar rich drinks.
6. After bathing, pat dry the skin, avoid rubbing it.
7. Avoid smoking as it can worsen the skin condition.
8. Consume plenty of fluids to keep your skin healthy and moist.
9. Restrict the use of skin products to reduce the chances of acquiring a reaction.
10. Consume foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids such as fish, flaxseeds, walnuts, soyabeans, etc.
11. Apply a dusting of cornstarch to areas that tend to perspire, so that they can be kept dry.
12. During rough activities, always wear gardening gloves or work gloves to protect your hands.
12. To keep the skin dry, wear cotton underwear as nylon and other synthetic fabrics lock in moisture.
14. Take good care of feet. Check your feet daily for sores, bruises and cuts. Wear well-fitting footwear.
15. Control blood pressure and cholesterol levels as it shall enhance circulation and keep the skin healthy.
16. Moisturize skin to prevent dryness as scratching dry skin can lead to infection & further complications.
17. Protect your skin, feet and hands from extreme temperatures. Wear clothing accordingly to protect the skin.
18. Avoid delay in treatment of cuts. Minor cuts can be washed with soap and water and covered with sterile gauze.
19. Use room humidifier; add moisture to the heated indoor air to prevent dry skin when the temperature drops.
20. Use sunscreen with a SPF of 30 or higher to protect your skin from sun. Wear warm gloves and shoes during colder months.
21. After bath, apply standard skin lotion; avoid putting lotion in between the toes as the excess moisture can enhance the growth of fungus.
22. Avoid long hot baths, showers and bubble baths. For bathing, use warm water not hot water and a mild, moisturising soap. Mild soaps that do not attain strong detergents should be used, as they may dry the skin or cause allergic reactions which may lead to scratching followed by cuts.
These basic skin care tips shall help you in keeping your skin healthy and in averting several skin complications of diabetes.