Yes, Menopause can lead to several complications
Once a woman attains the phase of menopause, she is at a high risk to numerous medical conditions.
Menopause is a natural physiological process taking place in the woman’s life cycle. Menopause occurs due to the decline in the function of the ovaries and due to the reduction in the production of female hormones estrogen & progesterone.
Some of the complications associated with menopause are as follows…
1. Heart Disease
- Risk of heart disease accelerates with the decline of the estrogen levels hence; post-menopausal women have higher chances of having a heart attack, as compared to men.
- There is a decline in the levels of estrogen during menopause. This decline in estrogen levels has been associated with irregular heartbeats.
2. Osteoporosis (weakening of the bones)
- Osteoporosis is a degenerative bone disorder that is characterized by weakening & thinning of the bone with a decrease in bone mass.
- Decreased estrogen levels, reduces bone density. Reduced bone density makes the women more susceptible to fractures.
- Decrease in estrogen level further puts the postmenopausal women at a risk to develop osteoporosis.
- Lack of estrogen fails to produce adequate new bone which finally weakens the bones.
3. Urinary Problems
- Urinary incontinence (occasional and involuntary release of urine) is commonly observed in aging women, especially after menopause.
- There is a constant need to urinate.
- Decrease in estrogen levels leads to loss of elasticity & thinning of the vaginal tissues and lining of the urethra. This may cause an uncontrollable urine leakage during sudden movements.
4. Urinary tract Infections
- Urinary tract infections are common during menopause.
- Lowered estrogen levels & changes in urinary tract make the woman further susceptible to urinary tract infections.
5. Weight Gain
- Many women experience weight gain, which may be due to the natural aging process & not merely from menopause.
- During menopause the metabolism may slow down leading to weight gain.
- Fluctuations of hormones during menopause leads to the risk of diabetes.
- There are chances that the reduced estrogen levels can accelerate the insulin levels which in turn may increase your craving for sugar and result in weight gain.
7. Sexual function
- During perimenopause, when the estrogen level drops, the vaginal tissues become thinner & drier and lose elasticity & moisture resulting in vaginal dryness.
- Vaginal dryness results in discomfort during sex & painful sex.
- Lack of lubrication makes the vagina itchy, irritated and prone to infections.
- Extreme dryness of the vagina may also lead to vagina atrophy, where the vagina becomes smaller in length & width.
8. Digestive Disorders
- Hormonal imbalance may hamper the natural transit of food in the gut of menopausal women thus leading to, nausea, gas production & cramping pains.
9. Burning Tongue
- Lowered levels of estrogen damages the bitter taste buds in the mouth giving rise to burning in the tongue.
10. Joint Pains
- Estrogen prevents inflammation in the joints.
- Lowered estrogen levels during menopause may accelerate inflammation leading to joint pain.